# Standards for the lesson planData Analysis and Probability: Race to the Finish

These standards and benchmarks are from McREL's online database, Content Knowledge: A Compendium of Standards and Benchmarks for K-12 education (4th edition, 2004) (http://www.mcrel.org/standards-benchmarks/.) The mathematics portion of the database was developed using National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) standards in addition to other nationally recognized standards documents.

Standard 1: Uses a variety of strategies in the problem-solving process

Benchmark 2: Uses a variety of strategies to understand problem-solving situations and processes (for example, considers different strategies and approaches to a problem, restates problem from various perspectives)

Benchmark 4: Formulates a problem, determines information required to solve the problem, chooses methods for obtaining this information, and sets limits for acceptable solutions

Benchmark 6: Generalizes from a pattern of observations made in particular cases, makes conjectures, and provides supporting arguments for these conjectures (i.e., uses inductive reasoning)

Benchmark 9: Uses a variety of reasoning processes (for example, reasoning from a counter example, using proportionality) to model and to solve problems

Standard 6: Understands and applies basic and advanced concepts of statistics and data analysis

Benchmark 1: Understands that data represent specific pieces of information about real-world objects or activities

Benchmark 4: Organizes and displays data in simple bar graphs, pie charts, and line graphs

Benchmark 4: Reads and interprets data in charts, tables, and plots (for example, stem-and-leaf, box-and-whiskers, scatter)

Benchmark 6: Organizes and displays data using tables, graphs, (for example, line, circle, bar), frequency distributions, and plots (for example, stem-and-leaf, box-and-whiskers, scatter)

Standard 7: Understands and applies basic and advanced concepts of probability