This resource addresses multiple standards identified in the National Educational Technology Standards for Students, which were developed by the International Society for Technology in Education (ISTE). For more information about these standards, see
Research and development of I3 was funded by a grant from the National Science Foundation. The research team consisted of investigators and faculty from the International Technology Education Association and California University of Pennsylvania. The units were designed and developed in collaboration with elementary classroom teachers. They were piloted and field-tested at fourteen school sites. In 2002, the research and development phase began, and the vetted, standards-based curriculum was made available in 2005.
Teachers with little background or experience with technology found the I3 units to be user-friendly and easy to implement with students from diverse backgrounds. The researchers were specifically interested in the feasibility of the units in sites where teachers had little prior knowledge or felt somewhat uncomfortable with technology content. The units were tested in self-contained grades 4 and 5 classrooms as well as science classrooms.