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Citation:Reynolds, A. J. (1992). Comparing measures of parental involvement and their effects on academic achievement. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 7(3), 441-462. EJ453450.

This study investigates the correspondence between parent, teacher, and children ratings of parent involvement and the relationship between different measures of parent involvement and student achievement. The researcher found low to moderate correlation between measures of parent involvement and student achievement. Parent and teacher measures of parent involvement at school and student measures of parent involvement at home were significantly correlated to student achievement, while parent measures of parent involvement at home were not. Parental involvement data came from the large-scale Longitudinal Study of Children at Risk (LSCAR), which surveyed parents of 481 Chicago public schoolsÕ second grade students in 1988. The Illinois Test of Basic Skills math and science scores of second grade students were used as measures of student achievement. These results suggest a positive influence of some types of parent involvement and illustrate the advantage of obtaining multiple measures from different sources. Since low correlation was found between parentsÕ, teachersÕ, and studentsÕ ratings of parent involvement, and since the measures of parent involvement in each group rated were different, further research would be needed to investigate whether this low correlation was due to differences in perception about parent involvement, or to differences in the types of parent involvement reported by each group.

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