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Citation:Culp, R. E., Schadle, S., Robinson, L., & Culp, A. M. (2000). Relationships among parental involvement and young childrenÕs perceived self-competence and behavioral problems. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 9(1), 27-38.

Annotation:
In this study, researchers examine the relationships among father involvement and children's self-competence, social acceptance, and behavior problems as reported independently by fathers and mothers. Findings suggest that mothers in families in which father involvement is high may have a more positive outlook regarding their childÕs behavior, an outlook that benefits mother, child, and their relationship. Also, highly involved fathers may be more likely to notice the more subtle behavior problems that affect their children. Finally, high father involvement may increase children's feelings of paternal acceptance, a factor that plays a role in the development of self-concept and esteem. Study participants included twenty-five kindergarten and first-grade children and their parents, predominately middle or upper-middle socioeconomic status (SES) families in a mid-sized Midwest town or its suburbs. Since more father involvement has been found to be associated with academic achievement and positive peer relations (Williams & Radin, 1993), perhaps practitioners would benefit by working more often with fathers in cooperation with the mothers who in turn work with their children on academic achievement. Despite the small sample size of 25 children and their parents, and the limited scope of the study, several significant findings are reported.

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