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Citation:Jeynes, W. H. (2003). A meta-analysis: The effects of parental involvement on Minority childrenÕs academic achievement. Education and Urban Society, 35(2), 202-218.

Annotation:
This article presents the findings of a meta-analysis of 20 studies about the impact of parental involvement on the academic achievement of racial minority children. The results indicate that parental involvement positively affected the achievement of the minority group in all of the studies analyzed. Several patterns emerged. The effects of parental involvement held across all racial groups under study and all types of academic achievement measured. A measure that consisted of mostly teacher ratings of achievement and academic behaviors and attitudes had the largest effect size of all the achievement measures. Finally, there were greater effect sizes for studies of African American and Latinos than for those of only Asian American populations. According to the author, this indicated that African American and Latino children benefited more from their parentsÕ involvement than their Asian Americans counterparts. A meta-analysis is a highly complex and sophisticated statistical procedure that synthesizes data from previously conducted studies. After searching major databases, 26 studies were found to be relevant, but only 20 had a sufficient degree of quantitative data to be included in the meta-analysis, totaling 12,000 subjects. Four different measures of academic achievement were included in the meta-analysis: grades, standardized tests, other measures (mostly teacher rating scales and indices of academic behaviors and attitudes), and an overall measure of all components of academic achievement combined. The results of this study confirm the importance of parental involvement for the success of minority students, particularly African Americans and Latinos. The article concludes with a discussion that provides implications and suggestions that may be helpful to practitioners working with any of the different racial groups examined. The researcher recognizes, however, that further research is needed to examine why it is that particular kinds of parental involvement are especially beneficial for certain racial groups.

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