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Citation:Walker, J. M. T., Hoover-Dempsey, K. V., Whetsel, D. R., & Green, C. L. (2004). Parental involvement in homework: A review of current research and its implications for teachers, after school program staff, and parent leaders. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Family Research Project; Harvard Graduate School of Education.

This literature review presents a body of research on parental involvement in homework in order to provide suggestions for how parents can help with their child's homework. Results indicated that parents can support student motivation and performance in homework through interacting with the school about homework, establishing physical and psychological structures, overseeing the homework process, and responding to student performance on homework assignments. Suggested strategies to assist teachers and parents with helping students complete homework included engaging in the homework tasks with the student, fitting homework tasks to student skills, supporting understanding through interactive processes, and engaging in meta-strategies that facilitate processes conducive to achievement. This study provides explicit strategies that parents can implement in order to become effectively involved in their child's homework process. Future research, including randomized controlled trials, should focus on determining the effectiveness of each of these strategies using a diverse sample of students.

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