ADVANCING RESEARCH, IMPROVING EDUCATION                               

The National Center for Family and Community Connections with Schools

Supporting School, Family, and Community Connections to Increase School Success

About the Center

Connection Collection

Annotation from the Connection Collection

You are viewing a record from the Connection Collection, a searchable annotated bibliography database. It links you with research-based information that you can use to connect schools, families, and communities.

Title:The role of protective factors in supporting the academic achievement of poor African American students during the middle school transition
Author:Gutman, L. M., & Midgley, C.
Resource Type:Journal Article
Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 29(2)

pp. 223-249
Education Level:Middle
Literature type:Research and Evaluation

The purpose of this study is to examine the main and interactive effects of psychological, family, and school factors on low-income, African American students' grade point averages across their transition to middle school. Results indicated that all students, on the average, experienced a significant decline in grades over transition. However, students who felt more academic confidence across the transition had higher grade point averages than their classmates. Combinations of certain factors (a sense of school belonging, parent support, and perceived support from teachers) were positively correlated with grades. Subjects were 62 Michigan African American families living in poverty and were drawn from a larger longitudinal study conducted in the state. Families were interviewed and a variety of scales and measures were utilized. Both families and schools need to work together to ensure student success during transition to middle school.

Suggested Citation Style:

Free Webinar Series
The U.S. Department of Education and its partners invite you to view the archive for the webinar, Bringing it All Together: Family and Community Engagement Policies in Action, which took place on November 16, 2011.

This is the ninth and final webinar in the series, Achieving Excellence and Innovation in Family, School, and Community Engagement.