resources have been provided for those wishing to learn
more about technology-integrated constructivist approaches.
1. Brooks, J.,
& Brooks, M.G. (1993). In Search of Understanding: The
Case for Constructivist Classrooms. Alexandria, VA:
Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.
This is a well-written
overview of constructivism and strategies for implementing
constructivist approaches in the K-12 classroom.
2. Caine R.,
& Caine G. (1991). Making Connections: Teaching and the
Human Brain. Menlo Park, CA: Addison-Wesley Publishing
to addressing several assumptions that teachers hold about
education and citing facts and theories about the human
brain, the authors discuss twelve principles of brain-based
learning and the implications of those principles for
educators. They directly challenge the reduction of learning
into left- and right-brain modes.
Educational Systems Design. (1997). Report on the Effectiveness
of Technology in the Schools, 1995-1996. Washington,
D.C: Software Publishers Association.
This is an
overview of research studies concerning the successes
and limitations of educational technology in the K-12
classroom. Findings are summarized and presented within
overall teaching strategies and classroom structure. A
new report is issued annually.
4. Maddux, C.D.,
Johnson, D.L., & Willis, J.W. (1997). Educational Computing:
Learning With Tomorrow's Technology. Boston: Allyn &
and Willis offer an excellent grounding for those wishing
an overview of different types of hardware and software
and their utility in the classroom. The authors focus
on each type of software application (e.g. word processing
software, databases) and the specific skills each can
facilitate. Although only one chapter deals exclusively
with constructivist uses of educational technology, the
majority of activities described occur within student-centered
and constructivist settings.
Consortium for the Improvement of Mathematics and Science
Teaching. (1995). Constructing Knowledge in the Classroom.
Classroom Compass (1)3. Austin, TX: Southwest Educational
is an information bulletin published by SEDL that presents
essays, recommends electronic and print resources, and
suggests classroom activities for K-12 math and science
teachers. This issue focuses on constructivism and constructivist
applications in mathematics and science classrooms.
Assistance Program, Southwest Educational Development
Technology to Restructuring and Learning, a project
serving more than 150 teachers in six schools, is part
of SEDL's Technology Assistance Program. The SEDL staff
work with these teachers to create technology-enriched
constructivist classrooms. This website was designed for
K-12 teachers who are embarking on a path toward such
learning environments. The site provides information on
both constructivist theory and educational technology,
as well as subject area resources that could be used to
supplement constructivist approaches.