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Cognitive Framework of Reading Reading Assessment Database Short Papers Reading First Links
Table of Contents

Overview

14 Cognitive Elements of Reading
- 1. Reading Comp.
- 2. Language Comp.
- 3. Background
- 4. Linguistic
- 5. Phonology
- 6. Syntax
- 7. Semantics
- 8. Decoding
- 9. Cipher
- 10. Lexical
- 11. Phoneme
12. Alphabetic
- 13. Letter
- 14. Concepts

Reading Assessment Techniques

Research Evidence

Using the Framework

Acknowledgements

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Related Resources
Glossary of reading terms

Instructional Resources - Literary References

Instructional Resources - Instructional Activities

Knowledge of the Alphabetic Principle

Visual Map of the Cognitive Elements of Reading Spoken words are made up of phonemes, and written words are made up of letters. However, knowledge of those two facts is not sufficient for developing good decoding skills. Knowledge of the alphabetic principle refers to an understanding that the letters in written words represent the phonemes in spoken words.

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Archived Resource

The resources listed on this website are from a past project. The Reading Assessment Database and external links have not been updated since 2009.

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