Mathematics

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5th Grade

Numbers and Operations Base Ten

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CC.5.NBT.6
Perform operations with multi-digit whole numbers and with decimals to hundredths.

Find whole-number quotients of whole numbers with up to four-digit dividends and two-digit divisors, using strategies based on place value, the properties of operations, and/or the relationship between multiplication and division. Illustrate and explain the calculation by using equations, rectangular arrays, and/or area models.

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CC.5.NBT.7
Perform operations with multi-digit whole numbers and with decimals to hundredths.

Add, subtract, multiply, and divide decimals to hundredths, using concrete models or drawings and strategies based on place value, properties of operations, and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction; relate the strategy to a written method and explain the reasoning used.

Numbers and Operations — Fractions

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CC.5.NF.3
Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division to multiply and divide fractions.

Interpret a fraction as division of the numerator by the denominator (a/b = a ÷ b). Solve word problems involving division of whole numbers leading to answers in the form of fractions or mixed numbers, e.g., by using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. For example, interpret 3/4 as the result of dividing 3 by 4, noting that 3/4 multiplied by 4 equals 3 and that when 3 wholes are shared equally among 4 people each person has a share of size 3/4. If 9 people want to share a 50-pound sack of rice equally by weight, how many pounds of rice should each person get? Between what two whole numbers does your answer lie?

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CC.5.NF.4a
Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division to multiply and divide fractions.

Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication to multiply a fraction or whole number by a fraction.

Interpret the product (a/b) × q as a parts of a partition of q into b equal parts; equivalently, as the result of a sequence of operations a × q ÷ b.

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CC.5.NF.4b
Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division to multiply and divide fractions.

Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication to multiply a fraction or whole number by a fraction.

Find the area of a rectangle with fractional side lengths by tiling it with unit squares of the appropriate unit fraction side lengths, and show that the area is the same as would be found by multiplying the side lengths. Multiply fractional side lengths to find areas of rectangles, and represent fraction products as rectangular areas.

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CC.5.NF.5a
Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division to multiply and divide fractions.

Interpret multiplication as scaling (resizing) by:

Comparing the size of a product to the size of one factor on the basis of the size of the other factor, without performing the indicated multiplication.

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CC.5.NF.5b
Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division to multiply and divide fractions.

Interpret multiplication as scaling (resizing) by:

Explaining why multiplying a given number by a fraction greater than 1 results in a product greater than the given number (recognizing multiplication by whole numbers greater than 1 as a familiar case); explaining why multiplying a given number by a fraction less than 1 results in a product smaller than the given number; and relating the principle of fraction equivalence a/b = (n × a)/(n × b) to the effect of multiplying a/b by 1.

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CC.5.NF.7a,b,c
Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division to multiply and divide fractions.

Apply and extend previous understandings of division to divide unit fractions by whole numbers and whole numbers by unit fractions.

  1. Interpret division of a unit fraction by a non-zero whole number, and compute such quotients.
  2. Interpret division of a whole number by a unit fraction, and compute such quotients.
  3. Solve real-world problems involving division of unit fractions by non-zero whole numbers and division of whole numbers by unit fractions, e.g., by using visual fraction models and equations to represent the problem.


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